高考英语短文改错多词考点归纳

来源:搜狐教育 2016-10-17 15:35:00

一、多一介词或副词

①有些动词在汉语中是不及物动词,在英语中是及物动词,可能多一个介词。如:serveforthepeople,followafterhim,playwithherinamatch,marrywithher,engagewithher

②有些动词可作及物动词,也可作不及物动词,但搭配不同,可能混淆而多一个介词。如:joininthegame,但joinintheclub;payforaTVset,但payforthreedollars;searchforthemap,但searchforthethiefforhiswatch

③有些“动词+介词”形式的动词后面没有宾语时,后面的介词是多余的。如:

Helookedatbutcouldseenothing.

Howareyougettingonwith?

④有些动词、名词、形容词后接名词或代词时须加一个介词,但接that从句时,必须去掉介词。如:agreetoit,但agreetothat...;besureofit,但besureofthat…;besorryforit,但besorryforthat…

⑤有些副词或介词词组后加一个介词,组成了复合介词,若后面没有接宾语时,最后的介词则是多余的。如:

Ifyouwon’tgo,I’llgoinsteadof.

Hewalkedoutof.

⑥有些连词后加of成为复合介词,如果后接从句,of是多余的。如:Becauseofhewasill…

⑦地点副词的意义中已经包含了介词to,如果再用to则是多余的。如:onmywaytothere,gettohome,gotoupstairs,returntohome

⑧lastyear,nextmonth,thisweek,oneday等名词词组直接充当时间状语,前面用介词是多余的。

⑨有些动词受汉语意思影响而多一副词,如:stopdown(停下来),raiseup(举起来),returnback(归来,回来),repeatagain(复述)

⑩有些动词在一种用法中要加副词,而在另一种用法中加副词则是多余的。如:buildupourcountry,但builduprailways

二、多一连词

①状语从句与主句之间多一并列连词,如:though…but;because…so;themore…andthemore

②充当状语的分词与主句之间多一并列连词。如:

Sittingdownandhebegantowork.

Regardedasthebestintheclass,sohewaspraisedatthemeeting.

③从属连词后多一that。如:becausethat…sincethat…,unlessthat…

④复合宾语前多一that。如:

Iheardthathimsayit.

Ifoundthatherlyingontheground.

三、多一代词

①主语与谓语之间多一关系代词。如:

Somepeopledon’tlikefootball,butmanypeoplewhodolikeit.

②作定语的分词前多一关系代词。如:

Iknowtheboywhostandingthere.(也可在who后加is)

Themanwhoinvitedtotheballlastnightismyfriend.(也可在who后加was)

③定语从句中的名词已由关系代词取代,再用代词则是多余的。如:

Sheboughtthebook(that)shehadfirstaskedforit.

Ihaveseenthegirl(whom)youaretalkingofher.

④用不定式作定语时,如果其逻辑宾语或介词宾语就是被修饰的名词词组,后面再用代词是多余的。如:

Theteaistoohottodrinkit.

Heisagoodcomradetoworkwithhim.

⑤在“形容词+不定式”句型中,如果不定式的逻辑宾语或介词宾语就是句子的主语,再用代词作宾语或介词宾语则是多余的。如:

Thisquestionistoodifficulttoanswerit.

Thehouseisnicetoliveinit.(fromwww.nmet168.com)

⑥在“连词+分词/名词/形容词/副词/介词词组”结构中,加上代词作主语是多余的。如:

Hetooknoteswhilehereading.

Ifitheated,iceturnstowater.

四、多一助动词

①时间、条件从句中用一般现在时表示将来时,用will,would是多余的。如:

Ifhewilltryhard,hewillsucceed.

I’lltellthemaboutitassoonastheywillcome.

②besure或makesure+that从句中用一般现在时表将来,用will,would是多余的。如:

Imakesurethatyouwillcomeearly.

③在宾语从句中主语前的助动词是多余的。如:

Wouldyoutellmewhatdoyouwant?

④独立结构中的be(助动词或连系动词)是多余的。如:

Thegamewasover,hewenthome.

Shesmiled,tearswerestillrunningdownherface.

五、多一冠词

①与介词at,in,to连用的名词school,class,town,hospital,church,prison,bed等表示与其有关的活动时,用冠词是多余的。如:gototheschool(上学),beintheprison(坐牢),beinthebed(在睡觉)

②与by连用的交通工具名称和air,land,sea等名词前用冠词是多余的。如:bythebike,bythesea,bythetrain

③表示游戏活动而不是表示游戏工具的名词前不用冠词。如:playthe/avolleyball,playthechess,playthetabletennis

④由“专有名词+普通名词”构成的专有名词前不用定冠词。如:theBeijingAirport,theOxfordStreet,theHydePark

⑤在一些固定搭配中。如:atthefirst,atthelast,themostofus

⑥most作“非常”解时,前面用the是多余的。如:

Oh!It’sthemostbeautiful!

Sheisthemostdiligent.

⑦含有Day的节日前加the是多余的。如:theMayDay,theWomen’sDay,theNationalday,theNewYear’sDay

⑧在“名词+as/though…”结构中,名词前不用任何冠词。如:achildasheis/afoolasheis

六、多一小品词to

①在hadbetter,wouldrather,ratherthan后的不定式前用to是多余的。如:

Youhadbetternottogo.

Iwouldrathertostayathome

②在make,let,have,see,feel,watch,notice,observe等使役、感官动词后充当宾语补足语的不定式前用to是多余的。如:

Hemademetodoheavywork.

Letmetohearyoutoplay.

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