为害羞的人辩护(In defence of shyness)丨BBC听英语

来源:搜狐教育 2016-10-17 14:58:00

在竞争激烈的现代社会中,性格羞涩似乎被当作缺点,而那些善于表达、自信满满的人则更有可能实现个人目标。本期《随身英语》探讨害羞能给人带来的益处。

课文内容

词汇:性格

Englishisfullofcolourfulphrasestodescribeshyness.Someonetimidmightbecalledshrinkingvioletorawallflower,whileforespeciallynervoustypeswehavethecuriousexpression:theywouldn’tsaybootoagoose.

Noneofthesearetraditionallyseenaspositivedeions,evenifyoulikegeese.Inacultureofgo-gettinghighachievers,shypeopledon’tcomefirst.

Orthat'swhattheself-helpindustrywouldhaveyoubelieve.Bookshopsarefilledwithweightytomesthatpromisetohelpbeatsocialfearsandfindsuccessinlife,loveandbusiness.

Whichiswhyonebook,ShrinkingViolets:AFieldGuidetoShyness,bucksthetrend.ItmadeasplashacrossEnglish-languagemediarecentlyforitsnewtakeonbashfulness.

AuthorJoeMoransaysthatdespitestrugglingwithshynessandcravingsolitudeallhislife,beingtimidcanalsobe"agift".Freedfromthepersistenturgetoparticipateandcompeteinsocialsituations,peopleareliberatedtolookattheworldinnewways,andgainfreshinsights.

Indeed,manyoftheworld'sgreatthinkersandartistsareintroverts.ScientistsCharlesDarwinandAlbertEinsteinpreferredtheirowncompany;actressKeiraKnightleyoftenfindsherselftongue-tiedatparties;andHarryPotterauthorJKRowlingclaimssheusedtobetoonervoustoevenborrowapen–areticenceshesaysforcedhertodelvedeepintotheworldofherimagination.

MorantoldBBCFuture:"Ithinkshynessprobablydoesturnyouintoanamateuranthropologist,really–youaremorelikelytobeanobserver."

So,whileextrovertsmakeallthenoise,theydon'tnecessarilyhavethebestideas.

Ifyou'reshy,you'veprobablyknownthisforalongtime.Youjustdon'tshoutaboutit.

词汇表

timid胆怯的

shrinkingviolet“含羞草”,怕羞的、腼腆的人

wallflower“壁花”,在社交场合因害羞而一言不发的人

notsaybootoagoose“对鹅都不敢嘘一声”,形容非常胆小

go-getting敢做敢为的,有野心的

self-help自救的

wouldhaveyoubelieve希望你相信的

tome大部头

buckthetrend逆势而上

makeasplash一炮打响

bashfulness羞赧,羞涩

cravesolitude渴望孤独

gift天赋,馈赠

urge冲动

introvert性格内向者

tongue-tied(由于紧张而)张口结舌的

reticence缄默,寡言少语

delve深入地探索

anthropologist人类学家

extrovert性格外向者

测验与练习

1.阅读课文并回答问题。

1.Doestheself-helpindustryseeshynessasabusinessopportunity?

2.Isitagoodthingtobecalledashrinkingviolet?

3.HowdoesJoeMoranthinkshynesscanhelppeople?

4.InwhatwaydidshynesshelpcreateHarryPotter?

5.Trueorfalse:JoeMoranpreferstobebyhimself.

2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1.__________feelhappierwhenwithotherpeople.

IntrovertsExtrovertsShrinkingvioletsGeese

2.Marek_________.He'ssobashful.

isago-getterwouldn'tsaybootoagoosewouldsaybootoagooseisarealextrovert

3.Iseemyblindnessasa_________.Itsharpensmyothersensesandmakesmeabetterlistener.

presentgiftdisabilityself-help

4.Thisnewfat-onlydietreally_________-allotherdietsrequireyoutoeatlessfat.

shrinksvioletsdelvesdeepmakesasplashbucksthetrend

5.Ireally_________timebymyself.Ineedatleastfourhoursadayonmyown.

craveurgebuckdelve

答案

1.阅读课文并回答问题。

1.Doestheself-helpindustryseeshynessasabusinessopportunity?

Yes,thearticlesaysbookshopsarefullofbooksclaimingtohelppeopleovercomeshyness.

2.Isitagoodthingtobecalledashrinkingviolet?

No,traditionallyit'snotbeenseenasapositivething.

3.HowdoesJoeMoranthinkshynesscanhelppeople?

Hethinksthatbeingliberatedfromthedesiretotakepartinsocialeventscangivepeoplespacetohavefreshinsightsandideas.

4.InwhatwaydidshynesshelpcreateHarryPotter?

HarryPotterauthorJKRowlingsaysherearlyshynessforcedhertodeeplyexploretheworldofherimagination.

5.Trueorfalse:JoeMoranpreferstobebyhimself.

True.He"cravessolitude",accordingtothearticle.

2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1.Extrovertsfeelhappierwhenwithotherpeople.

2.Marekwouldn'tsaybootoagoose.He'ssobashful.

3.Iseemyblindnessasagift.Itsharpensmyothersensesandmakesmeabetterlistener.

4.Thisnewfat-onlydietreallybucksthetrend-allotherdietsrequireyoutoeatlessfat.

5.Ireallycravetimebymyself.Ineedatleastfourhoursadayonmyown.

*本文章由BBC英语教学授权,任何媒体禁止转载。点击“阅读原文”获取更多BBC英语文章。

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