名校真题 | 2017-2018学年高三上学期期末英语试卷
What is an Oyster card?
Oyster is the easiest way to pay for journeys on the bus, Tube, tram, DocklandsLight Railway (DLR), London Overground and National Rail journeys in London You can store your travel cards, Bus & Tram Pass, season tickets and credit to pay for journeys as you go.[来源:Z&xx&k.Com]
Where to get an Oyster card?
There are a number of ways for you to get an Oyster card:
At over 3,900 Oyster Ticket stops
At Tube and London Overground station ticket offices
At some National Rail stations
At London Travel information Centres
Online at tfl. gov. uk/oyster
How to use an Oyster card?
To pay the correct fare on the Tube , DLR, London Overground and National Rail services, you must always touch in on the yellow Oyster card reader at the start of your journey, and touch out at the end. If you don't, a maximum cash Oyster fare will be charged. When using the bus or tram, you must only touch in at the start, but not at the end of your journey.
What happens if I don't visit London very often?
Don't worry. Any pay as you go credit on your card will not expire (过期), so you can keep it for your next visit or lend it to a friend.
Traveling by Tube from Central London (Zone l)to Heathrow (Zone6)
Adult Oyster single fare
4. 20 Monday to Friday 06:30 - 09:30 and 16:00 - 19:00
2. 70 at all other times including public holidays
Adult single cash fare 5.00
For further information, visit tfl.gov.uk /fares.
21. You can get an Oyster card at the following places EXCEPT ________.
A. at a post office
B. on the website
C. at an Oyster Ticket stop
D. at a Tube station
22. Which of the following is TRUE about Oyster cards?
A. They are limited in use to the owners themselves.
B. They are not suitable for those who don't visit London often.
C. Oyster card Tube fares cost more on public holidays than on weekdays.
D. On National Rail services you must touch them on the reader twice.
23. If a person with an Oyster card takes the 7 o'clock Tube from Central London to Heathrow for a week (no public holiday in between)，he should pay________.
A. 18.90B. 26.40C. 29.40D. 21.90
24. The passage is probably taken from a ________.
In America, each of the states likes to promote itself with a slogan(口号). I currently live in Utah, where the slogan is “Life Elevated”. It's a nod to outdoor entertainment in the high country, including the ski industry. I previously lived in Colorado, a land with red dirt, great mountains and golden plains. The slogan there is “Colorful Colorado”. Years ago I lived in the “Peach State” of Georgia, and I grew up in New Mexico as a little boy, whose slogan is “Land of Enchantment(魔力)”.
We never seemed to get away from dust in New Mexico, so I appreciate the story of a newcomer to the Land of Enchantment who learned about dusty breezes. She was visiting an antique shop and the owner wiped down every item before showing it. The newcomer said, “Everything gets dusty here pretty quickly, doesn't it?” “That's not dust, honey,” the shop owner replied, “That's ENCHANTMENT”. That made the problem more acceptable. An escalator(自动扶梯)broke, so he posted a sign to warn customers. He chose not to use the traditional “Out of Order” or “Do Not Use” warnings. Instead, his sign read, “This Escalator Is Temporarily a Stairway”. He turned a minus into humor and made it a plus.
And in fact there are some things, like the weather, we can't change. All we can change is our ways that we think and feel about them. I believe one of the best techniques to do this is to find some humor in the situation. Finding something amusing or enjoyable of difficulty, an irritation or a troublesome problem can be one of the most creative and effective things we can do. Sometimes the only sense you can make of a situation is a sense of humor.
25. The first paragraph is severed as a(n).
26. How would the newcomer probably feel after hearing what the shop owner said?
27. What's the purpose of the writer's writing the passage?
A.To encourage people to find the funny side in their daily life.
B.To show the effects of using slogans to raise the position.
C.To explain the skills of turning a disadvantage into humor.
D.To tell the strange experience of a bargain in an antique shop.
My students often tell me that they don't have "enough time" to do all their schoolwork.
My reply is often a brief "You have as much time as the president." I usually carry on a bit about there being twenty-four hours in the day for everyone, and suggest that "not enough time" is not an acceptable explanation of not getting something done.
Once in graduate school, I tried to prove to one of my professors by saying that I was working hard. His answer to me was, "That's irrelevant (无关的). What's important is the quality of your work." Since then I have had time to think carefully about the "hard worker" dodge (诀窍), and I have come to some conclusions- all relevant to the problem of how much time we have.
If you analyze the matter, you can identify two parts of the problem: There is, of course, the matter of "time", which we can think of as fixed. Then there is the problem of "work" during that time. But, asmy professor suggested, it's not how hard one works but the quality of the product that's important.
That led me to a new idea: the quality of the work. That concept is perhaps best explained by a sign I once saw on the wall in someone's office: "Don't work harder. Work smarter." There is a lot of sense in that idea.
If you can't get more time, and few of us can, the only solution is to improve the quality of the work. That means thinking of ways to get more out of the same time than we might otherwise get. That should lead us to an analysis of our work habits. Since "work" for students usually means "homework", the expression "work habits" should be read as "study habits".
Then, as a smart student, you will seek to improve those skills that you use in study, chiefly reading and writing. If you learn to read better and write better, there are big benefits that pay off in all your studies.
28. From the passage, we know that the author is probably _____.A.an educatorB.a poet C.an engineer D.a novelist
29. We can infer from the 2nd paragraph that we students still _____.
A.can meet the presidentB.have enough time
C.get everything done wellD.should accept the explanation
30. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A.You'll try to improve your skills in reading and writing if you're a clever student.
B.The author's students make good use of their time to do all their homework.
C.The author tried to tell the professor that he/she (author) had done a good job.
D.You can't improve the quality of the work if you can't get more time.
31. What's the passage mainly about?
A.Students don't have enough time.B.No one can get more time.
C.Don't work harder; work smarter.D.Read better and write better.
If you're a high school student, you may tend to measure your self－worth based on your popularity and status. You may feeldejectedor disappointed if you have a difficult time fitting in or if you lack the confidence to talk to others .If you want others to like you, you'll need to have a healthy understanding of how people think, what appeals to them and how you can gain their approval. There are four tips on how to be popular in high school .And if you are popular with your classmates, you can get many benefits from it.
You must be yourself in order to gain any real popularity in high school. While imitation is the sincerest formof flattery(奉承), copying another's style and personality will have a negative effect on your popularity. If you're not comfortable enough to be yourself 100 percent of the time, others won't feel comfortable around you. If you establish your own style and finesse and stay true to yourself, popularity will soon follow.
Make yourself approachable to appeal to others and be popular in high school. People love to be around others who are confident and ready to have a good time. Hold your head up high, keep your shoulders back, and smile as you walk with an air of confidence to instantly attract others and boost your popularity.
Be friendly and kind to everyone you meet. It's not enough to gain the approval of the other popular students in your school. In order to gain real popularity, you'll need to be kind and polite to everyone you meet. Make an effort to talk to your classmates regardless of their popularity or economic status and try to develop friendships with them.The more people you appeal to, the more popular you'll become.
Involve yourself in school activities that interest you. You can be popular in high school if you play an active role in your school's extracurricular activities(课外活动). The more you participate in group activities, the more popular you'll become.
32. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?A. How to Establish Your Own Lifestyle.
B .Ways to Gain Confidence in Your School Life.
C. Tips on How to Be Popular in High School.
D. How to Develop Friendships with Your Classmates.
33. The underlined word “dejected” in Paragraph 1 probably means ________．A.excitedB.frightenedC.desperateD.depressed
34. It can be known from the passage that ________．
A.the first step to be popular is to show your pride to your classmates
B.setting up your own style and personality will benefit your popularity
C.if you want to be popular you should only make friends with popular students
D.taking part in extracurricular activities goes against one's popularity
35. The passage is probably followed by a paragraph about _____．
A.the benefits of being popular
B.some other ways to become popular
C.the negative effect of popularity
D.the examples of famous people
Ways to Find the Happiness in Front of You
We struggle with war, poverty, global warming.36Famous people have wonderful lives , but you don't, and the "if onlys" threaten to win the day: "My life would be sweet if only I were richer, had a better job..."
37And it doesn't care how much money you have or what the circumstances of your life are. Look through the suggestions on how to look on the bright side and find the happiness in front of you.
If I'm feeling low, one of the best ways I know to cheer up is to make a love list. It's simple, just a list of every single person I love. Then I can put it in a pocket to take with me on a tough day, or just keep it in mind as I get on with my life.
Find Lost Friends
I recently took some time to seek out people that I've lost touch with over the years.39. Within 24 hours I had baby pictures and recent histories. But the interesting thing was that all the people I got in touch with had been thinking about contacting me a couple of days before getting my email.
40I'm not saying your problems are over, but simply looking at the world through rose-colored glasses means that half your problems will look like exciting challenges, and the other half you'll probably realize aren't problems at all, just facts of life.
A. Wish upon a star
B. But happiness is all around you.
C. Create a love list
D. It took only alittle time to shoot a few quick emails around the country.
E. We hear of people getting sick or dying.
F. I wonder whether they still remember me.
G. If you can get optimistic and stay that way, you’re sure to succeed.
Dropping into hopelessness completely, Jack wandered on the streets, knowing he came to the end of life. In his mid-fifties, Jack had never been41,and experienced the joy of having children or spent holidays with his family. On this miserable rainy night, he felt as if there was42in the entire world who cared whether he lived or died.
Meanwhile, Iwas sitting in my room watching the rain43my window. When I heard the doorbell ring, I44from my chair and raced out. But my mother was already at the door. Opening it, she found herself face-to-face with a very dirty-looking man with tears streaming down his face. My mother, overcome by45, invited the man inside, and he sat with my parents in our living room．
46, I walked secretly downstairs so that I could get a better look. I couldn't understand what they were saying, but the sight of the man,47his head in his hands and crying, made my chest ache. I raced back upstairs to my room and48my hand into my money jar. Pulling out my only half-dollar coin, I ran back downstairs.
When I reached the door of the living room, I walked right in. The three49looked at me in50as I quickly made my way over the stranger. I put the half-dollar in his hand and told him that I wanted him to have it. Then I gave him a51, turned and ran as fast as I could out of the room and back upstairs. I felt excited but happy.
Downstairs, Jack sat quietly with his head52.Tears streamed down his face as he53held that coin. Finally looking up at my parents, he said, “It's just that I thought nobody cared. For the last twenty years, I have been so54. That is the first hug I have ever got. It's hard to believe that somebody55”
Jack's life changed that night. When heleft our house, he was56to live instead of die. Although we never saw Jack again, we received letters from him57, letting us know that he was doing fine.
My life changed that night, too, as I58the hug healing (治愈) power of giving, even if it's only a gift of fifty cents. Before Jack left, my parents asked him why he had knocked on our door. Jack said that59he'd walked along the streets that rainy night,60and ready to die, he had noticed a sticker on the car. It read: SOMEBODY LOVES YOU.
41. A. employed B. understoodC. marriedD. managed
42. A. anybodyB. nobodyC. somebody D. everybody
43.A. beatB. approach C. break D. cover
44.A. jumpedB. ran C. looked D. settled
45. A. fear B. anxiety C. guiltyD. pity
46. A. Excited B. AnnoyedC. CuriousD. Worried
47. A. shaking B. noddingC. holdingD. resting
48. A. adjustedB. reachedC. presented D. pushed
49.A. adultsB. neighbors C. visitors D. strangers
50. A. anger B. delight C. funD. surprise
51.A. hugB. smile C. kiss D. handshake
52. A. raisedB. bowedC. ignored D. turned
53. A. calmly B. privately C. impatientlyD. tightly
54. A. anxiousB. lonelyC. stressed D. bored
55. A. makes B. figuresC. caresD. deserves
56. A. flexible B. likely C. disappointedD. ready
57.A. occasionallyB. at once C. hardly D. never
58. A. hid B. informed C. assistedD. saw
59.A. beforeB. asC. until D. unless
60. A. weak B. ashamedC. helplessD. regretful
A kite festival is an international event. In the United States, it is61(usual) held once a year. Canada, India, Australia, China and other62(country) also hold kite fesivals. Kates have been in use for many centuries, probably beginninng in China. Nowadays, both children and adults in many nations enjoy63(fly) kites as an outdoor activity.
Kite festivals can occur at 6464(differ) time during the year. The international festival of kites in India occurs in each January, and every April in China, a kite event brings crowds of people to Weifang, Shandong Province. This area has a kite museum that is said to be the65(large) in the world.
The custom of flying kites every spring in Weifang has a rather long history. The first international kite festival,held66April 1,1984, had more than 12,000 kite-flying fans taking part in67. That day, all the kite groups and teams at the festival showed their kite-flying skills, which68(view) by more than 10,000 people. Later,69(near) 100 foreign and 45 national news agencies reported the festival.70that time, the international kite festival has been held at the beginning of each April in Weifang City.
Did you enjoy yourself yesterday? I suppose you do. But I’d like to tell you what bad a day I had yesterday. Everything just went wrongly. In the morning, my alarm clock didn’t ring, but I woke up an hour late. I was in such a hurry that I burning my hand when I was cooking breakfast. Then I ran out the house to catch the 8:30 bus. This is the bus I usually take. But ,as you can guess, I miss it of course. I was very unhappy and scared because of my teacher hated students coming later to school. So I ran three miles to school, only to discovering that nobody was there. I realized it was Sunday.
第二节 书面表达 （满分：25分）
请你以“Working Individually or Working in a team”为题，按照以下要点写一篇英语短文：
1. 独立完成： 自行安排，锻炼一个人问题解决能力。
2. 合作完成： 一起讨论，培养合作、交际和相互讨论沟通的能力。
Working Individually or Working in a team
There are basically two ways to get work done.……
1-5 B A A C B 6-10 B A B B C11-15 B A B C A 16-20 B C C A C
21-24 A D B C
25-27 A C A
28-31 A B A C
32-35 C D B A
36-40 E B C D G
41-45 C B A A D46-50 C C B A D
51-55 A B D B C56-60 D A D B C
61.usually 62. countries 63.flying 64.different 65.largest
66.on 67. it 68. was viewed 69. nearly 70.Since
第一行 do---did what----how
第三行 but---and/so burning---burned/burnt
第四行 ran out后面加of
第五行 miss---missed because of 去掉of
Working individually or Working in a team
There are basically two ways to get work done. One is to work individually. In this way, people can decide for themselves when to start work and how to do it. What’s more, they will be able to learn how to solve problems on their own and how to think independently.
People may also choose to work in a team, where they can learn from each other and help each other. Besides, they may work out better ways to get work done by discussion. They can truly learn the skills of cooperation and how to get through the ideas to their mates.
Personally, I prefer to work in a team, which offers me a chance to learn how to get along with others and to share my experiences with them. As the work can be decided among several people, it can be done efficiently. Teamwork is always important.
W: Put this wet towel on your face to keep your temperature down. I’ll take you to the doctor’s after breakfast.
M: If I’m better this afternoon, I will go to work.
W: How many orders do we still need to pack, Gail? We’ve been packing all day.
M :We still have to do about ten more.
W: Aren’t you finished with your dinner yet？You’re like a snail!
M: No, I’m not! I just want to enjoy life instead of rushing all the time.
W: I want to mail a letter to Portoguise by air and I need three stamps. How much will I pay for them?
M: Four dollars and fifty cents.
M: Why are you carrying an umbrella? It isn’t supposed to rain today or anything.
W: Yeah, I know. My skin is very sensitive to sunlight, and it’s supposed to get into the upper 90s today. And to be honest, I think it looks fashionable,too!
M: Have you noticed a lot of differences between your country and ours?
W: Well, that’s a difficult question, but I can think of a few. People here dress quite differently, because the weather is warmer here. We wear winter clothes half the year, thick trousers and warm sweaters. Here people dress more fashionably. Everyone looks well dressed.
M: Is clothing expensive in your country?
W: Yes. It’s more expensive than here.
M: Do you find it easy to talk to people? Can you make friends easily?
W: Oh, yes. It’s easy to meet people here, even if we speak different languages. People are the same everywhere. They worry about the same things. They worry about the cost of living and about the future of their children.
M: Mom! I hate eating vegetables!
W: You don’t have to eat them. I don’t mind.
M: Thanks, mom! Can I have dessert now? I love chocolate cake!
W: No dessert for you unless you eat all your vegetables.
M: But I don’t like them! It’s not fair!
W: You can have some fruit for dessert. If you eat an apple and a banana, I might let you have a small piece of chocolate cake.
M: OK… Actually, I don’t mind eating peas and carrots, but I hate cabbages.
W: I’ll remember that next time. You’ll get extra peas and carrots, but no cabbages. OK?
M: Thanks, mom![来源:学科网ZXXK]
W: Patrick, why didn’t you call me last night? I was worried about you.
M: Sorry, I was sick. I went to bed early.
W: What’s wrong?
M: I had a cough and my eyes were really dry.
W: Are you better now?
M: Yes, I’m feeling much better than yesterday.
W: Do you have allergies?
M: Yes. Last time I went to the doctor, he did some tests and told me I have allergies. It gets worse in springs.
W: What time did you wake up this morning?
M: Around 9:30 a.m.. I am not going to the office today. I think I’ll just stay at home and watch TV. I can work at home today.
W: Good. Get some rest and I’ll bring over some food later.
W: May I help you?
M: Yes, I’d like to take a one-day sightseeing tour around town. And, I particularly want to visit the British Museum and the Tower of London. Do you have any tour that includes both of them?
W: Yes, this one does. You visit the Tower and Westminster Abbey in the morning. Right after lunch, the tour takes a stop at St. Paul’s. Then the rest of the afternoon is spent at the museum.
M: How long does the tour take？
W：About seven hours. Where are you staying by the way?
M: At the Hyde Park Hotel.
W：Let’s see. The bus stops there at 9：50. You should be back by 5:30 in the afternoon.
M: What is the cost of the tour?
W: It’s 30, including lunch.
M: Are there any Russian-speaking guides? My friend here can understand only a little English.
W: No problem. Besides English-speaking guides, we also have Russian-speaking guides and French-speaking guides.
Sleep is part of a person’s daily activity cycle. There are several different stages of sleep, and they too occur in cycles. If you are an average sleeper, your sleep cycle is as follows. When you first drift off into sleep, your eyes will roll about a bit, your temperature will drop slightly, your muscles will relax, and your breathing becomes slow and quite regular. Your brain waves become slow and quite regular, too. This is Stage 1. For the next half hour or so, as you relax more and more, you will drift down through Stage 2 and Stage 3. The lower your stage of sleep is, the slower your brain waves will be. Then about 40 to 69 minutes after you lose consciousness, you will have reached the deepest sleep of all. Your brain will show the large slow waves. This is Stage 4. You don’t remain at this deep fourth stage all night long, but instead about 80 minutes after you fall into sleep, your brain activity level will increase again slightly. Your eyes will begin to move around under your closed eyelids. This period of rapid eye movement lasts for some 8 to 15 minutes. After that your body will soon relax again, and your breathing will slip gently back from Stage 1 to Stage 4.
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