2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(全国卷1)及答案解析 - 今日头条

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(全国卷1)及答案解析

来源:搜狐教育 2018-06-11 09:24:00

英语

第一部分听力 (共两节,满分30分

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much is the shirt?

A. 19.15. B. 9.18. C. 9.15.

答案是C。

1. What will James do tomorrow?

A. Watch a TV program. B. Give a talk. C. Write a report.

2. What can we say about the woman?

A. She’s generous. B. She’s curious. C. She’s helpful.

3. When does the train leave?

A. At 6:30. B. At 8:30. C. At 10:30

4. How does the woman go to work?

A. By car B. On foot C. By bike.

5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Classmates. B. Teacher and student. C. Doctor and patient.

第二节(共15小题; 每小题1.5分。满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题

6. What does the woman regret?

A. Giving up her research.

B. Dropping out of college.

C. Changing her major.

7. What is the woman interested in studying now?

A. Ecology. B. Education. C. Chemistry

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What is the mam?

A. A hotel manager. B. A tour guide. C. A taxi driver.

9. What is the man doing for the woman?

A. Looking for some local foods.

B. Showing her around the seaside.

C. Offering information about a hotel.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In an office. B. At home. C. At a restaurant.

11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?

A. Go to a concert. B. Visit a friend. C. Work extra hours.

12. Who is Alice going to call?

A. Mike. B. Joan C. Catherine.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Why does the woman meet the man?

A. To look at an apartment

B. To deliver some furniture.

C. To have a meal together.

14. What does the woman like about the carpet?

A. Its color. B. Its design. C. Its quality.

15. What does the man say about the kitchen?

A. It’s a good size. B. It’s newly painted. C. It’s adequately equipped.

16. What will the woman probably do next?

A. Go downtown. B. Talk with her friend. C. Make payment.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Who is the speaker probably talking to?

A. Movie fans. B. News reporters. C. College students.

18. When did the speaker take English classes?

A. Before he left his hometown.

B. After he came to America.

C. When he was 15 years old.

19. How does the speaker feel about his teacher?

A. He’s proud. B. He’s sympathetic. C. He’s grateful.

20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

A. How education shaped his life.

B. How his language skills improved.

C. How he managed his business well.

答案: 1-5 BCCBA 6-10 BABCC 11-15 ABAAC 16-20 BCBCA

第二部分阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

A

Washington, D.C. Bicycle Tours

Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.

Duration: 3 hours

This small group bike tour is a fantastic way to see the world-famous cherry trees with beautiful flowers of Washington, D.C. Your guide will provide a history lesson about the trees and the famous monuments where they blossom. Reserve your spot before availability — and the cherry blossoms — disappear!

Washington Capital Monuments Bicycle Tour

Duration: 3 hours (4 miles)

Join a guided bike tour and view some of the most popular monuments in Washington, D.C. Explore the monuments and memorials on the National Mail as your guide shares unique facts and history at each stop. Guided tour includes bike, helmet, cookies and bottled water.

Capital City Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.

Duration: 3 hours

Morning or Afternoon, this bike tour is the perfect tour for D.C. newcomers and locals looking to experience Washington, D.C. in a healthy way with minimum effort. Knowledgeable guides will entertain you with the most interesting stories about Presidents, Congress, memorials, and parks. Comfortable bikes and a smooth tour route(路线) make cycling between the sites fun and relaxing.

Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour

Duration: 3 hours (7 miles)

Join a small group bike tour for an evening of exploration in the heart of Washington, D.C. Get up close to the monuments and memorials as you bike the sites of Capital Hill and the National Mall. Frequent stops are make for photo taking as your guide offers unique facts and history. Tour includes bike, helmet, and bottled water. All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.

21. Which tour do you need to book in advance?A. Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.B. Washington Capital Monuments Bicycle Tour.C. Capital City Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.D. Washington Capital Sites at Night Bike Tour.

22. What will you do on the Capital City Bike Tour?A. Meet famous people. B. Go to a national park.C. Visit well-known museums. D. Enjoy interesting stories.

23. Which of the following does the bicycle tour at night provide?A. City maps. B. Cameras.C. Meals. D. Safety lights.

此篇为有小标题的应用文,内容为华盛顿四种骑车游的介绍,配备3道细节理解题,出题形式中规中矩,相对比较简单。此类文章根据题干中的关键词仔细回原文寻找对应即可。

21. A

细节理解题。题目问“哪一个骑车游需要提前预定”,根据第一段内容中的“Reserve your spot before availability — and the cherry blossoms — disappear(在有效期和樱花消失前预约)”可知应选A。此题难点在于熟悉词汇(in advance和reserve)。

22. D

细节理解题。题目问“首都骑车游中你能做什么”,根据第三段内容中的“Knowledgeable guides will entertain you with the most interesting stories about Presidents, Congress, memorials, and parks(知识丰富的向导会给你讲关于总统、国会、纪念馆还有公园的最有趣的故事)”可知应选D选项“听有趣的故事”。

23. D

细节理解题。题目问“以下哪一个是夜间骑车游提供的”,根据第四段内容中的“All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights(所有骑行者装备反光背心和安全灯)”可知应选D选项。

B

Good Morning Britain’s Susanna Reid is used to grilling guests on the sofa every morning, but she is cooking up a storm in her latest role - showing families how to prepare delicious and nutritious meals on a tight budget.

In Save Money: Good Food, she visits a different home each week and with the help of chef Matt Tebbutt offers top tips on how to reduce food waste, while preparing recipes for under 5 per family a day. And the Good Morning Britain presenter says she's been able to put a lot of what she's learnt into practice in her own home, preparing meals for sons, Sam, I4, Finn, 13. and Jack, 11

We love Mexican churros, so I buy them on my phone from my local Mexican takeaway restaurant," she explains, “I pay 5 is for a portion (一份), but Matt makes them for 26p a portion, because they are flour, water, sugar and oil. Everybody can buy takeaway food. But sometimes we're not aware how cheaply we can make this food ourselves.”

The eight-part series (系列节目),Save Money: Good Food, follows in the footsteps of ITV's Save Money: Good Health, which gave viewers advice on how to get value from the vast range of health products on the market.

With food our biggest weekly household expenses, Susanna and Matt spend time with a different family each week. In tonight’s Faster special, they come to the aid of a family in need of some delicious inspiration on a budget. The team transforms the family’s long weekend of celebration with less expensive but still tasty recipes.

24. What do we know about Susanna Reid?

A. She enjoys embarrassing her guests. B. She has started a new programme.

C. She dislikes working early in the morning. D. She has had a tight budget for her family.

25. How does Matt Tebbutt help Susanna?

A. He buys cooking materials for her. B. He prepares food for her kids.

C. He assists her in cooking matters. D. He invites guest families for her.

26. What does the author intend to do in paragraph4?

A. Summarize the previous paragraphs. B. Provide some advice for the readers.

C. Add some background information. D. Introduce a new topic for the discussion.

27. What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Keeping Fit by Eating Smart B. Balancing Our Daily Diet

C. Making yourself a Perfect Chef D. Cooking Well for Less

24. B.

细节题,出处可定位至第一段her latest role,为各种家庭展示如何用比较少的预算去做既好吃又有营养的饭菜; A选项虽然提到Susanna和guest,但是embarrass偷换了原文的概念,可以排除;C选项无中生有;D选项原文中未提到她自己的家庭预算很紧张。

25. C.

细节题,出处定位至第二段with the help of chef Matt Tebbutt offers top tips on how to reduce food waste, while preparing recipes for under $5 per family a day. 可知Matt在烹饪事物上帮助了Susanna。

26. C.

细节题,出处定位至Save Money: Good Food, follows in the footsteps of ITV's Save Money: Good Health,…可知作者是为读者介绍了Save Money这个节目是怎么来的,即是背景信息,故选择C项。

27. D.

主旨题,主旨句一般可定位至文章的第一段,but后的关键信息点she is cooking up a storm in her latest role - showing families how to prepare delicious and nutritious meals on a tight budget.可知答案D。

C

Languages have been coming and going for thousands of years, but in recent times there has been less coming and a lot more going. When the world was sill populated by hunter-gatherers , small tightly knit (联系) groups developed their own patterns of speech independent of each other. Some language experts believe that 10000 years ago, when the world had just five to ten million people, they spoke perhaps 1200 languages between them.

Soon afterwards, many of those people started settling down to become farmers, and their languages too became more settled and fewer in number. In recent centuries, trade, industrialization, the development of the nation-state and the spread of universal compulsory education, especially globalization and better communications in the past few decades, all have caused many languages to disappear, and dominant languages such as English, Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over.

At present, the world has about 6800 languages. The distribution of these languages is hugely uneven. The general rule is that mild zones have relatively few languages, often spoken by many people, while hot, wet zones have lots, often spoken by small numbers. Europe has only around 200 languages; the Americas about 1000; Africa 2400; and Asia and the Pacific perhaps 3200, of which Papua New Guinea alone accounts for well over 800. The median number (中位数) of speakers is a mere 6000, which means that half the world's languages are spoken by fewer people than that.

Already well over 400 of the total of 6,800 languages are close to extinction (消亡), with only a few elderly speakers left. Pick, at random, Busum in Cameroon (eight remaining Speaker), Chiapaneco in Mexico (150), Lipan Apache in the United States (two or three) or Wadjigu in Australia (one, with a question-mark) none of these seems to have much chance of survival.

28. What can we infer about languages in hunter-gatherer times?

A. They developed very fast. B. They were large in number.

C. They had similar patterns. D. They were closely connected.

29. Which of the following best explains “dominant” underlined in paragraph 2?

A. Complex. B. Advanced.

C. Powerful. D. Modern.

30. How many languages are spoken by less than 6000 people at present?

A. About 6800 B. About 3400

C. About 2400 D. About 1200

31. What is the main idea of the text?

A. New languages will be created.

B. People’s lifestyles are reflected in fewer languages.

C. Human development results in fewer languages.

D. Geography determines language evolution.

28. B.

细节题。由hunter-gatherer times定位到第一自然段,根据when the world had just five to ten million people, they spoke perhaps 1200 languages between them. 可是当时人少,但是语言很多。

29. C.

猜题题。根据第二段后半部分dominant languages such as English, Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over, 列举的英语、西班牙语、中文等都是使用人数较多等语言,所以选择powerful。

30. B.

细节题。根据第三段At present, the world has about 6800 languages和The

median number (中位数) of speakers is a were 6000 ,which means that half the world's languages are spoken by fewer people than that. 可知现在有3400种语言被少于6000人说。

31. C.

主旨题,根据Languages have been coming and going for thousands of years, but in recent times there has been less coming and a lot more going .可知增加的语言少消失的语言多,且本文按照时间顺序写作,讲了随着人类发展,很多语言消失。所以选择C。

D

We may think we’re a culture that gets rid of our worn technology at the first sight of something shiny and new, but a new study shows that we keep using our old devices(装置)well after they go out of style. That’s bad news for the environment – and our wallets – as these outdated devices consume much more energy than the news ones that do the same things.

To figure out how much power these devices are using. Callie Babbitt and her colleagues at the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York tracked the environmental costs for each product throughout its life – from when its minerals are mined to when we stop using the device. This method provided a readout for how home energy use has evolved since the early 1990s. Devices were grouped by generation. Desktop computers, basic mobile phones, and box-set TVs defined 1992. Digital cameras arrived on the scene in 1997. And MP3 players, smart phones, and LCD TVs entered homes in 2002, before tablets and e-readers showed up in 2007.

As we accumulated more devices, however, we didn't throw out our old ones. “The living-room television is replaced and gets planted in the kids’ room, and suddenly one day, you have a TV in every room of the house,” said one researcher. The average number of electronic devices rose from four per household in 1992 to 13 in 2007. We’re not just keeping these old devices – we continue to use them. According to the analysis of Babbitt’s team, old desktop monitors and box TVs with cathode ray tubes are the worst devices with their energy consumption and contribution to greenhouse gas emissions(排放)more than doubling during the 1992 to 2007 window.

So what's the solution(解决方案)? The team's date only went up to 2007, but the researchers also explored what would happen if consumers replaced old products with new electronics that serve more than one function, such as a tablet for word processing and TV viewing. They found that more on demand environment viewing on tablets instead of TVs and desktop computers could cut energy consumption by 44%.

32. What does the author think of new devices?

A. They are environment-friendly. B. They are no better than the old.

C. They cost more to use at home. D. They go out of style quickly.

33. Why did Babbitt's team conduct the research?

A. To reduce the cost of minerals. B. To test the life cycle of a product.

C. To update consumers on new technology. D. To find out electricity consumption of the devices.

34. Which of the following uses the least energy?

A. The box-set TV. B. The tablet.

C. The LCD TV. D. The desktop computer.

35. What does the text suggest people do about old electronic devices?

A. Stop using them. B. Take them apart.

C. Upgrade them. D. Recycle them.

32. A

根据第一段最后一句“That’s bad news for the environment – and our wallets – as these outdated devices consume much more energy than the news ones that do the same things.”可知,做同样的事,旧的过时的装置比新装置消耗更多能源,对环境有害。通过对比可知,新装置对环境有益,所以选A。B、C不对,D没提到。

33. D

根据第二段第一句“To figure out how much power these devices are using.”可知,Babbitt 团队组织这个研究是为了弄清这些装置使用多少能源,所以选D。当题干中出现why时,在原文中找to或because。

34. B

根据第二段“This method provided a readout for how home energy use has evolved since the early 1990s…before tablets and e-readers showed up in 2007.”可知,tablet便签是最新出现的,又因为第一段最后一句“That’s bad news for the environment – and our wallets – as these outdated devices consume much more energy than the news ones that do the same things.”可知,新装置比旧装置消耗能源少,所以tablet消耗最少的能源,选B

35. A

根据最后一段 “consumers replaced old products with new electronics” 可知,文章建议人们用新装置代替旧装置,所以选A,停止使用旧装置。

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Color is fundamental in home design – something you’ll always have in every room. A grasp of how to manage color in your spaces is one of the first steps to creating rooms you’ll love to live in. Do you want a room that’s full of life? Professional? Or are you just looking for a place to relax after a long day? 36 , color is the key to make a room feel the way you want it to feel.

Over the years, there have been a number of different techniques to help designers approach this important point. 37 , they can get a little complex. But good news is that there’re really only three kinds of decisions you need to make about color in your home: the small ones, the medium ones, and the large ones.

38 . They’re the little spots of color like throw pillows, mirrors and baskets that most of us used to add visual interest to our rooms. Less tiring than painting your walls and less expensive than buying a colorful sofa, small color choices bring with them the significant benefit of being easily changeable.

Medium color choices are generally furniture pieces such as sofa, dinner tables or bookshelves. 39 . They require a bigger commitment than smaller ones, and they have a more powerful effect on the feeling of a space.

The large color decision in your rooms concern the walls, ceilings, and floors. Whether you’re looking at wallpaper or paint, the time, effort and relative expense put into it are significant. 40 .

A. While all of them are useful

B. Whatever you’re looking for

C. If you’re experimenting with a color

D. Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with

E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces

F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first time

G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two major ways

解析:

36. B 上文中提到“你是否在寻找你意中的房间”并给出了几种选择。B选项承接了上句的问题,“无论你在寻找什么”并且引出了下句的答案“颜色是重要因素”。

37. A 选项中的them 指代上文中的 different techniques 和下文中的they 指代内容相同。

38. D 上一段末尾提到要介绍三种颜色选择,本段详细介绍第一种small color choice.

39. G 本段主要内容是medium color choice, 前半句承接上文中medium是small的升级,后半句引出下文的两种方式。

40. F 上文中提到时间、努力和相应的费用付出是巨大的,迎合F选项中so it pays to be sure.

第三部分 语言知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第一节完型填空 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

During my second year at the city college, I was told that the education department was offering a “free” course, called Thinking Chess, for three credits. I __41__ the idea of taking the class because, after all, who doesn’t want to ___42___ a few dollars? More than that, I’d always wanted to learn chess. And, even if I weren’t __43__ enough about free credits, news about our__44__was appealing enough to me. He was an international grandmaster, which __45__I wound be learning from one of the game’s __46__. I could hardly wait to __47__him.

Maurice Ashley was kind and smart, a former graduate returning to teach, and this __48__was no game for him: he meant business. In his introduction, he made it __49__that our credits would be hard-earned. In order to __50__ the class, among other criteria, we had to write a paper on how we plan to __51__ what we would learn in class to our future professions and __52__ to our lives. I managed to get an A in that __53__ and learn life lessons that have served me well beyond the __54__ .

Ten years after my chess class with Ashley, I’m still putting to use what he __55__ me: “The absolute most important __56__ that you learn when you play chess is how to make good __57__. On every single move you have to __58__ a situation, process what your opponent (对手) is doing and __59__ the best move from among all your options.” These words still ring true today in my __60__ as a journalist.

41. A. put forward B. jumped at C. tried out D. turned down

42. A. waste B. earn C. save D. pay

43. A. excited B. worried C. moved D. tired

44. A. title B. competitor C. textbook D. instructor

45. A. urged B. demanded C. held D. meant

46. A. fastest B. easiest C. best D. rarest

47. A. interview B. meet C. challenge D. beat

48. A. chance B. qualification C. honor D. job

49. A. real B. perfect C. clear D. possible

50. A. attend B. pass C. skip D. observe

51. A. add B. expose C. apply D. compare

52. A. eventually B. naturally C. directly D. normally

53. A. game B. presentation C. course D. experiment

54. A. criterion B. classroom C. department D. situation

55. A. taught B. wrote C. questioned D. promised

56. A. fact B. step C. manner D. skill

57. A. grades B. decisions C. impressions D. comments

58. A. analyze B. describe C. rebuild D. control

59. A. announce B. signal C. block D. evaluate

60. A. role B. desire C. concern D. behavior

解析:

41. B. 考察动词词组。后文中说因为毕竟,谁不想省个几块钱呢,说明作者想要参加这次课程,jump at 表示想要积极参加,所以选择B。

A. 提出 B. 急切地想要接受 C. 尝试 D. 调小;婉拒

42. C. 考察前后文联系。前文说offering a free course,提供免费课程,所以相应选择省几块钱。

A. 浪费 B. 赚 C. 节省 D. 支付

43. A. 考察前后文联系。后文说老师的事情非常吸引我,也就是说前文需要虽然我对于学分不感兴趣。

A.兴奋的 B. 担心的 C. 感动的 D. 累的

44. D. 考察前后文联系。后文说他是一个国际大师,所以是指导老师非常吸引他。

A.标题 B. 竞争者 C. 课本 D. 指导者

45. D. 考察动词和宾语从句的搭配。前文说老师很厉害,所以这意味着我会跟本领域最厉害的人学习。

A.督促 B. 要求 C. 保持 D. 意味着

46. C. 考察形容词做名词使用。The + 形容词表示一类人,在这里表示我会跟着领域最厉害的人学习,the best 表示一类。

A.最快的人 B. 最简单的人 C. 最好的人 D. 最罕见的人

47. B. 考察前后文联系。前文说老师很厉害,所以他迫不及待想见到他。

A.面试 B. 见到 C. 挑战 D. 打败

48. D. 考察前后文联系。前文说这是要上这门课的老师,所以对于他来说,这是一份工作,而且这份工作对于他不是开玩笑。

A. 机会 B. 资质 C. 荣誉 D. 工作

49. C. 考察make的动词搭配,make sth adj.让某事怎么样,it是形式宾语,指的是后文我们的绩点很难拿到,表示他说的很清楚我们的绩点很难拿到。

A. 真正的 B. 完美的 C. 清楚的 D. 可能的

50. B. 考察动词词组。文中说为了通过这门课,所以选择B。

A. 参加 B. 通过 C. 跳过 D. 观察

51. C. 考察上下文。后文中说把我们在课上所学的应用到我们将来的职业中,所以选择C。

A. 添加 B. 暴露 C. 应用,申请 D. 比较

52. A 考察上下文。根据上文and之前应用到职业中进而最终应用到我们的生活中国,所以选择A。

A. 最终地 B. 自然地 C. 直接地 D. 正常地

53. C. 名词复现。在那个课上,指上文的围棋课。所以选择C。

A. 游戏 B. 陈述,表演 C. 课程 D. 实验

54. B. 上下文。文中说在课上学的人生哲学能够在课堂外很好的服务我,所以选择B。

A. 标准 B. 教室 C. 部门 D. 情况形势

55. A. 考察动词词组。前文中说我仍然在使用老师教给我的,所以选择A。

A. 教 B. 写 C. 质疑 D. 承若,保证

56. D. 考察上下文,文中说当你下棋时最重要的技能是学会如何做好决定,所以选择D。

A. 事实 B. 步骤 C. 方式 D. 技能

57. B. 考察动词词组。文中说当你下棋时最重要的技能是学会如何做好决定,所以选择B。

A. 年级 B. 决定 C. 印象 D. 评论

58. A. 考察动词词组。文中说每一次移动,你不得不分析形势和情况,所以选择A。

A. 分析 B. 描述 C. 重建 D. 控制

59. D. 考察动词词组。文中说每一次移动,你不得不分析形势,你的对手正在做的过程步骤,并且从你的选择汇总评估最好的移动。所以选择D。

A. 宣布 B. 发信号 C. 阻塞 D. 评估

60. A. 考察名词。文中这些话在我作为记者这个角色的工作中仍然听上去是真的,所以选择A。

A. 角色 B. 渴望 C. 关心 D. 行为

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

According to a review of evidence in a medical journal, runners live three years 61 (long) than non-runners. You don’t have to run fast or for long 62 (see) the benefit. You may drink, smoke, be overweight and still reduce your risk of 63 (die) early by running.

While running regularly can’t make you live forever, the review says it 64 (be) more effective at lengthening life 65 walking, cycling or swimming. Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014 66 showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all 67 (cause).

The best exercise is one that you enjoy and will do. But otherwise … it’s probably running. To avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces, do exercises to 68 (strength) your leg muscles (肌肉), avoid hills and get good running shoes. Running is cheap, easy and it’s always 69 (energy). If you are time poor, you need run for only half the time to get the same benefits as other sports, so perhaps we should all give 70 a try.

61. longer

由than可知此处需要填写形容词比较级

62. to see

非谓语动词, don’t have to 充当谓语,see作非谓语表目的

63. dying

of介词后跟名词作宾语

64. is

谓语,一般现在时态

65. than

根据上文more effective …than…

66. that/which

定语从句修饰上文中的study

67. causes

名词变复数

68. strengthen

动词不定式,to do, strength变动词

69. energetic

主系表结构,形容词作表语

70. it

指代上一句you need run…

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit

^

the

my grandparents. I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were

found

living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when

other

I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They

there chickens

also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer

^

in 或where

they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the

selling happy

end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed. and

解析:

1. countryside农村,此处应是特指祖父母所在的农村,加the。

2. 故事叙述的是去年寒假的事,应该用一般过去时,将find改为found。

3. another是“三者或三者以上的另一个”,而other是“其他的”,因为后面animals是可数名词的复数形式,所以应该将anther改为other。

4. 根据上下文翻译,应为“那里”,而且前文有提及,所以将here变为there。

5. “dozens of”是“许多,几十”之意,后面应该用chicken的复数形式。

6. 考察定语从句,如果没有which,从句中不缺成分或者说缺状语,所以应该选用关系副词,而先行词为pond池塘,所以应该将which改为where。如果保留which,因从句缺状语,所以应补充in。

7. by为介词,介词后应用doing形式。

8. feel为系动词,后面不用副词用形容词即可。

9. every two years表示每隔两年,该时间状语前不加介词。

10. 通过翻译原文可知,应该是递进或顺承,不是转折关系。所以将but改为and。

第二节书面表达 (满分25分)

假如你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关习俗,请你回复邮件,内容包括:

1.到达时间

2.合适的礼物

3.餐桌礼仪

注意:1. 词数100左右

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

例文

Dear Terry,

How are you doing? Learning that you are about to pay a visit to a Chinese friend and confused about the Chinese customs, I am writing to put forward some advice.

To begin with, I would like to suggest that you arrive 5 to 10 minutes earlier, which is common in Chinese traditional culture. In addition, if I were you, I would bring some appropriate gifts with me, such as souvenirs from my own country. Besides, table manners are also what you should pay attention to. For example, you are not supposed to stick your chopsticks into your food. Instead, laying them on your dish is a smart choice.

If you have any other problems, please don’t hesitate to contact me. May you have a wonderful day with your friend.

Yours

Li Hua

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